CCNA Routing & Switching

The CCNA R&S certification validates the ability to install, configure, operate, and troubleshoot medium-size routed and switched networks. CCNA certified professionals have the knowledge and skills to make connections to remote sites via a WAN, and mitigate basic security threats. CCNA R&S training covers (but is not limited to) the use of these topics: IOS, IPv6, IPv4, OSPF, Cisco Licensing, Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP), Serial Line Interfaces, Frame Relay interfaces VLANs, Ethernet, VLSM, and basic traffic filtering. 

IP Data Networks

  • Understand the operation of data networks.
  • Know the purpose and functions of network devices such as routers, switches, bridges and hubs.
  • Be able to select components to meet a specific network requirement.
  • Understand how certain applications can impact network performance.
  • Know the protocols, purpose and operation of both the OSI and TCP/IP models.
  • Describe the data flow between two hosts on a network
  • Be able to choose the most appropriate cables, media, ports and connectors to connect network devices and hosts to a LAN.

LAN Switching

  • Understand the media access control method for Ethernet.
  • Describe the basic switching concepts and the operation of switches.
  • Configure and verify switch configuration including remote access management.
  • Verify a network and switch operation using basic utilities such as ping, telnet and SSH.
  • Describe VLANs and the need for routing between VLANs.
  • Understand network segmentation and traffic management.
  • Be able to configure and verify VLANs.
  • Configure and verify trunking on Cisco switches.
  • Understand advanced switching technologies:
  • RSTP
  • EtherChannel
  • Be able to configure and verify PVSTP operation.
  • Describe the process of root bridge election.

IP Addressing (IPv4 and IPv6)

  • Describe the need for public and private addresses for IPv4.
  • Understand IPv6 addresses.
  • Describe the appropriate IPv6 addressing scheme for a LAN/WAN environment.
  • Describe the appropriate IPv4 addressing scheme for a LAN/WAN environment, including VLSM and summarization.
  • Describe the technologies required to run IPv6 and IPv4 concurrently such as dual stack.

IP Routing

    • Understand the basic routing concepts.
    • Understand the boot process of a Cisco router.
    • Configure and verify a basic router configuration using the command line interface.
    • Configure and verify both serial and Ethernet interfaces.
    • Be able to verify the network connectivity and configuration of a router.
    • Configure a static or default route given specific requirements, then verify.
    • Manage Cisco IOS files and image(s).
    • Understand Cisco IOS licensing.
    • Understand and distinguish different methods of routing and routing protocols.
    • Configure and verify EIGRP in a single autonomous system.
    • Configure and verify OSPF (v2 and v3) in a single area.
    • Configure and verify interVLAN routing using router-on-a-stick.
    • Be able to configure SVI interfaces.

IP Services

      • Configure and verify DHCP on a Cisco router.
      • Understand the features and applications of each type of ACL.
      • Be able to configure and verify ACLs.
      • Understand the basic operation of NAT.
      • Configure and verify NAT based on a set of network requirements.
      • Be able to configure and verify NTP as a client.
      • Understand, configure and verify Syslog and utilize Syslog output.
      • Understand SNMP v2 and v3.

Network Device Security

      • Be able to configure and verify device security features.
      • Understand, configure and verify switch port security features.
      • Configure and verify ACLs for filtering network traffic.
      • Limit telnet and SSH access to a router by configuring ACLs.


      • Troubleshoot and correct common issues concerning IP addressing and host configurations.
      • Be able to utilize netflow and monitor data.
      • Troubleshoot and fix spanning tree operation.
      • Troubleshoot and resolve routing issues, including OSPF, and EIGRP.
      • Troubleshoot and correct VLAN problems.
      • Identify and resolve interVLAN problems.
      • Troubleshoot and resolve switch trunking issues.
      • Troubleshoot and fix ACL problems.
      • Troubleshoot and correct layer 1 problems.
      • Troubleshoot and correct WAN issues.
      • Troubleshoot EtherChannel issues.

WAN Technologies

Understand and identify different WAN technologies including:

    • Metro Ethernet
    • Frame Relay
    • VSAT
    • Cellular 3G and 4G
    • MPLS
    • T1/E1
    • ISDN
    • DSL
    • Cable
    • VPN
    • Configure and verify a serial WAN connection.
    • Configure Frame Relay on Cisco routers including verification.
    • Be able to configure and verify a PPP connection between two Cisco routers.